One of the least exciting, but most important, PC components is the power supply. PCs run on electricity, of course, and that’s not provided directly from the wall to every component inside a PC’s case. Instead, electricity routes from the alternating current (AC) provided by the power company into the direct current (DC) used by PC components in the required voltage. In this article, we will talk about How To Choose PSU.
It’s tempting to buy just any power supply to run your PC to How To Choose PSU, but that’s not a wise choice. A power supply that doesn’t provide reliable or clean power can cause any number of problems, including instability that can be hard to pin down. In fact, a failing power supply can often cause other problems such as random resets and freezes that can otherwise remain mysterious.
Therefore, How To Choose PSU you’ll want to give your power supply choice as much time and attention as your CPU, GPU, RAM, and storage options. Picking the right power supply will give you the best possible performance and help contribute to a lifetime of reliability.
While choosing How To Choose PSU there are several important factors to consider when choosing a power supply – just like with every PC component – identifying one of the most important factors is refreshingly simple. You don’t need to pour through benchmarks or read reviews to know how much power output you need incase you want to know How To Choose PSU. To use the tool, you need to select your components from the drop-down lists for each category. The tool above is up-to-date with the latest options for the central processing unit (CPU), motherboard, graphics processing unit (GPU), random access memory (RAM), and more. While the tool doesn’t drill down into the details of every component, it does so where necessary and takes the guesswork out of deciding how much power you need.
An important note regarding power: continuous power and peak power are different things. Generally, the “Maximum Power” figure of a power supply refers to the continuous (stable) power the PSU will deliver consistently, while the peak power refers to the elevated maximum (surge) power the PSU can deliver, albeit for a very short amount of time (e.g., 15 seconds). When buying a power supply, make sure its continuous wattage meets your needs or you’ll likely run into problems when your PC is running a full load.
Finally, don’t be worried that buying a higher-rated power supply means you’ll necessarily be using more power. A power supply will only pull the electricity demanded by your PC’s components – and so while it might be a waste of money upfront to purchase a larger power supply than you need, it won’t cost you any more to operate your PC because of it.
Protection: How To Choose PSU
Some power supply manufacturers will build in protections to help keep your components safe from power-related issues. These protections often add some cost to a power supply, but they can offer some additional peace of mind as well.
The first is overvoltage protection, which refers to a circuit or mechanism that shuts down the power supply unit if the output voltage exceeds the specified voltage limit, which is often higher than the rated output voltage. This protection is important since high output voltages may cause damage to computer components that connect to the power supply.
The second is overload and overcurrent protection. These are circuits that protect the power supply unit and the computer by shutting down the power supply unit when there is excessive current or power load detected, including short circuit currents.
Efficiency matters with a PSU
Wattage is just one measure of a power supply’s performance. Another is its efficiency rating, which is a measure of how much DC power it sends to the PC and how much is lost primarily to heat. Efficiency is important because it affects how much you’ll spend on keeping your PC juiced up.
As an example, How To Choose PSU to consider a PC that requires 300 watts of power. If you use a power supply with an 85% efficiency rating, your PC will pull about 353 watts of input power from your power company. A power supply that’s only 70% efficient, on the other hand, will pull 428 watts of power from the wall. Choosing the more efficient power supply will save some cash on your monthly power bill.
At the same time, a power supply with a higher efficiency rating will allow your PC to run cooler as well. Every PC component generates some heat, and that tends to work against top performance. A more efficient power supply will dissipate less heat, which will mean a quieter system thanks to fans that don’t have to run as fast or as long, better reliability, and a longer lifespan.
I hope this article has helped you in understanding why a PSU is so important. A good PSU will enhance your performance and also will save your future investments.